Information technology is a method that helps specialists to establish full control over natural processes that aim to create artificial objects. Their development is inextricably linked to human evolution. Information technology is designed to make life easier and free people from routine mental work. They help us to improve various processes. In the modern world, information technologies have become popular tools in almost every field of modern human activities. In this article, we will describe how they were created and developed.
The history of information technology
Human speech was the first carrier of knowledge in history. Initially, the accumulated experience was transmitted orally, from one generation to the next. The advent of writing became the first precondition for the advent of information technologies. Printing has enabled people to accelerate the pace of knowledge generation and dissemination.
The history of information technology is divided into several stages. The first lasted until the middle of the 19th century when people actively used manual information technology. During this period, work on tools began that, in the future, allowed people to mechanize and automate processes.
In the 19th century, the telephone, telegraph, telegraph, and typewriter were developed. This simplified the process of accumulating and transmitting the information.
The next stage of information technology development is the 1940s when man first created the computer. It made it possible to start automating information systems. The computer became the tool of special specialists. The special languages that scientists created allowed specialists to communicate with these machines.
In the 1960s and 1970s, the first operating systems were created. Machines are able to process multiple tasks that multiple users can give them. In those years, the focus shifted to content-building.
The history of information technology development has not ended and only began to improve in the 1980s. During this period, small computing machines appeared with which several users could interact. The software has become a common object for development, and personal computers have become available to many people. Modern information technology has focused on knowledge processing. Huge databases have begun to emerge, as well as expert systems.
In the ’90s, technology improved. Intel has released its first new 32-bit processor, which can perform more than 20 million operations per second. Microsoft has developed a Windows operating system. The software has started to improve and be augmented every year. A user from every corner of the world has access to a huge and wide Internet.
In the modern world, information technology continues to evolve. Specialists apply it in various fields of activity. Automation helps us to improve our working and get rid of some routine processes. In different fields of activity, mass data processing has become an indispensable tool. The Internet has given us a chance to learn unique features.